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MARXISM 21

FeatureEngels’ Postcapitalism as Association

작성자 : Seongjin Jeong
작성일자 : 2020-04-08 03:19:16 조회수 : 4
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Engels’ Postcapitalism as Association

Seongjin Jeong

Engels did not reject ‘Utopian Socialism’ in the name of ‘Scientific
Socialism’. Engels took the core idea of ‘Utopian socialism’ and developed it
into a theory of postcapitalism, i.e., socialism or communism. Engels was more
enthusiastic about ‘Utopian Socialism’ than Marx. Engels also identified
himself with the principle of ‘self-emancipation of working-class’ earlier than
Marx. Engels theorized the political economy of socialism, including
labor-time calculation planning, as a separate discipline, distinct from the
political economy of capitalism. In his later years, Engels extended the arena of
postcapitalism beyond value, class, and state, toward gender and ecology. For
Engels, postcapitalism was open-ended. Contrary to conservative or anarchist
accusations, Engels belongs to the tradition of ‘socialism from below’
(‘democratic socialism’) with Marx. Like Marx, Engels envisioned
postcapitalism as the free and full development of ‘association’ [Assoziation].
This paper demonstrates the last point by examining all the texts of Engels
where the word ‘association’ appears. This paper also discusses some important
differences in conceptualizing ‘association’ between Marx and Engels,
focusing on planning, freedom and the re-establishment of individual property.

Keywords: alternative, association, capitalism, Engels, labor-time calcu-
lation planning, Marx, Postcapitalism, socialism from below, Utopia

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