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FeatureSlavoj ?i?ek’s Ontology of the Real

작성자 : Hyun Kang Kim
작성일자 : 2020-07-13 04:09:00 조회수 : 48
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Slavoj ?i?ek’s Ontology of the Real

Hyun Kang Kim

The aim of this paper is to explore Zizek’s ontology, focusing on his concept
of the real and the subject. At the centre of ?i?ek’s thinking is the Lacanian
concept of the real. ?i?ek’s concern is to draw attention to the gap in symbolic
reality and to interpret it as a condition of the subject’s freedom and the
construction of a new order. According to ?i?ek, the symbolic order is
constituted by the original suppression of the real. However, the repressed real
has not disappeared, but always returns in the form of an antagonism.
Futhermore, ?i?ek attempts to overcome the poststructuralist concept of the
decentered subject through the rehabilitation of the Cartesian subject, but
without returning to the subject concept of modernity. Rather, his aim is to bring
the “forgotten back” of the cogito to light. This forgotten back covers the
madness, the unconscious and the drive. For ?i?ek, the drive does not mean
animal instinct. It is rather the realm of radical negativity that lies beyond
biological and economic interest. ?i?ek focuses on the negativity of the subject,
because he sees in it an emancipatory potential hidden that cannot be integrated
into the symbolic order.

Keywords: Slavoj ?i?ek, Jacques Lacan, the real, subject, ontology

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