The Urban Commons in the Age of Platform Capitalism and Basic Income
No-Wan Kwack & Jeong-Im Kwon
While theorizing capitalism in Capital, Marx shows double sides with exploitation and expropriation’, while focusing on exploitation. As an alternative system, communism is described as an association of all members of society, including non-workers, and sometimes as an association of laborers. The concept of exploitation and the resulting labor-fetishism from this ambivalence have been privileged in real socialist countries. And among the ambivalence about commonization and nationalization that appeared in Marx, the latter was privileged in real socialist countries. This article reconstructs Marx's concept of the enclosure of the commons and urban rent. This reconstruction enables us to analyze the city evolving into a platform of today’s capitalism. An alternative is the commonization of profits from urban development. It presents a plan to increase basic income being shared. In particular, platform or smart city dividends are a way to transform the expropriation of urban commons into a basic income.
Keywords: platform city, smart city, urban Commons, urban rent, expropriation, basic income.